What do bed bugs look like?
To identify bed bugs, research your home as you would a hotel room. Look for an insect about the size of an apple, very flat from top to bottom - almost like a piece of paper - and brown in color, says Ragot. This will be the adult bed bugs. However, you should also watch for brown pinhead-sized bugs, which can be bed bugs for children, and look for black spots on the sheets, mattresses, and mattress covers, which could be bed bug feces.
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If you discover bed bugs, you then want to determine your population size. If it's smaller and newly created - think 10 to 15 bed bugs - you'll likely be able to control the situation on your own, says Jeb. However, if the population is larger, your best bet is to contact the pest management team to get rid of the problem. "If it is really well established and there are thousands, then I don't see a person being able to control it for himself," says Gibb.
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3. Control the population of bed bugs and prepare for treatment.

Once you know you have a bed bug infestation on your hands, you'll want to take steps to control the population and prepare your bedroom for treatment.

Similar to what you do in a hotel, start by putting your sheets, bedspreads, mattress toppers, and any other fabrics that may have been exposed to bed bugs - such as stuffed animals or clothing - in the washer and dryer at a high temperature, says Rajot. "After that, don't reintroduce it until the bed bugs are gone," he adds.

From there, you can use other tactics like vacuuming around areas where the bed bugs might be - think the mattress and in the cracks and crevices - or steaming those same areas, says Jeb. You can also get a zip-up bed bug mattress cover to prevent the bed bugs from spreading.

4. Kill bed bugs.
Now that you have your room set up to treat bed bugs and know the residents you're dealing with, it's time to get ready to kill these bugs. To control the condition of bed bugs, you'll need to use what experts call integrated pest management, which basically means using more than one tactic to get rid of the parasites, Rajot says. "Our recommendation is to never use a single approach, as the chances of success are very slim," adds Jeb.